Main Article Content
The landscape is important in spatial development for campus space. Fundamentally, planting composition generates a character of the outdoor space. It could offer an enormous influence on visual quality, student performance and quality of life. This paper investigated the preferences and usage of outdoor campus space provided by universities during students’ leisure time. The data were collected through structured interviews at Research Universities in Malaysia. The results showed a relationship between preferences for landscape setting and utilisation index. Hence, this study suggested, the planting design is substantial to generate the space character which stimulates the use of outdoor campus space.
Copyright (c) 2018 Norizan Mt Akhir, Siti Rasidah Md Sakip, Mohamed Yusoff Abbas, Noriah Othman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Abu Ghazzeh, T. (1999). Communicating Behavioural Research to Campus Design, Factors Affecting Perception and Use of Outdoor Spaces at The University of Jordan, Journal of Environment and Behaviour. 31(6), 764-804. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00139169921972344
Bonnes, M., Passafaro, P., Carrus, G. (2011). The Ambivalence of Attitudes Toward Urban Green Areas: Between Pro-environmental Worldviews and Daily Residential Experience. Journal of Environment and Behavior. 43(2), 207-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916509354699
Dasimah, O. (2009). Assessing Residents’ Quality of Life in Malaysian New Towns. Asian Social Science. 5(6), 94-102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v5n6p94
Dober, Richard P. (2000). Campus Landscape: Functions, Forms, Features. John Wiley & Sons. United States of America.
Dongying Li, William C. Sullivan. (2016). Impact of views to school landscapes on recovery from stress and mental fatigue. Journal of Landscape and Urban Planning (148) 149-158. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.12.015
Griffith, J.C. (1994). Open space preservation: An Imperative for Quality Campus Environments. Journal of Higher Education. 65(6), 645–669. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.1994.11774745
Gumprecht, B. (2007). The campus as a public space in the American college town. Journal of Historical Geography. 33(1). 72-103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhg.2005.12.001
Hamaideh, S.H. (2011). Gender Differences in Stressors and Reaction to Stressors Among Jornadian University Students. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 58(1), 26-33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764010382692
Kaplan, R., Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: A psychological perspective. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Stephen S. Y. Lau & Feng Yang (2009): Introducing Healing Gardens into a Compact University Campus: Design Natural Space to Create Healthy and Sustainable Campuses, Landscape Research, 34:1, 55-81 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01426390801981720
McFarland, A.L., Waliczek, T.M., Zajicek, J.M. (2008). The Relationship Between Students Use of Campus Green Spaces and Perceptions of Quality of Life. Horticulture Technology, 18, 196-319. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.18.2.232
Mirza, L. (2015). Windowscape A Study of Landscape Preferences in an Urban Situation. The University of Auckland. New Zealand.
Noriah O., Noralizawati M., Mohd Hisham, A., Mohd Ali Waliyuddin A.R. (2015). Landscape Visual Studies in Urban Setting and its Relationship in Motivational Theory. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 170, 442-451. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.006
Noralizawati, M., Noriah, O., & Mohd Hisham, A. (2011) Assessing the Visual Quality of the Rainforest Trail at Penang Botanical Garden. Unpublished research report, Research Management Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA.
Noralizawati, M., Noriah, O., & Mohd Hisham, A. (2012), Value of Nature in Life: Landscape Visual Quality Assessment at Rainforest Trail, Penang. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 50, 667 – 674. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.08.069
Shuhana, S., Ahmad Bashri, S., Hasanuddin, L., Norsiah, A.A., Rozeyta, O., Masliyana, M.N. (2007). Kriteria Reka Bentuk Persekitaran Kampus yang Kondusif bagi Institusi Pengajian Tinggi di Malaysia. Research Report. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Speake, J., Edmondson, S., Nawaz, H. (2013). Everyday Encounters with Nature: Students’ Perceptions and Use of University Campus Green Spaces. Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography 7.1. 21-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5719/hgeo.2013.71.21
Stephen Siu Yu Lau, Zhonghua Gou, Yajing Liu (2014). Healthy Campus by Open Space Design: Approaches and Guidelines. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3(4), 452-467. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foar.2014.06.006
Ulrich, R.S. (1979). Visual landscapes and psychological well-being. Landscape Research. 4(1),17–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01426397908705892
Ulrich, R.S. (1981). Natural versus urban scenes: Some psychophysiological effects. Journal of Environment Behaviour. 13(5):523– 556. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916581135001
Zube, E.H., Sell, J.L., Taylor, J.G. (1982). Landscape perception: Research, application and theory. Journal of Landscape Planning, Volume 9 (1), 1-33 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3924(82)90009-0