Landscape Spatial Character: Students’ preferences on outdoor campus spaces

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Norizan Mt Akhir
Siti Rasidah Md Sakip
Mohamed Yusoff Abbas
Noriah Othman


The landscape is important in spatial development for campus space. Fundamentally, planting composition generates a character of the outdoor space. It could offer an enormous influence on visual quality, student performance and quality of life. This paper investigated the preferences and usage of outdoor campus space provided by universities during students’ leisure time. The data were collected through structured interviews at Research Universities in Malaysia. The results showed a relationship between preferences for landscape setting and utilisation index. Hence, this study suggested, the planting design is substantial to generate the space character which stimulates the use of outdoor campus space.


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Mt Akhir, N., Md Sakip, S.R., Abbas, M.Y. and Othman, N. 2018. Landscape Spatial Character: Students’ preferences on outdoor campus spaces. Asian Journal of Quality of Life. 3, 13 (Aug. 2018), 89–97. DOI:


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