Space and Sociability: Mapping Melbourne’s City Square

Authors

  • Khalilah Zakariya
  • Nor Zalina Harun
  • Mazlina Mansor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21834/ajqol.v1i2.28

Abstract

Public squares function as open spaces where people can conduct many activities and events in the city. The ‘life’ of squares evolves and changes according to the contemporary demands of the people. Learning about the evolution of the City Square in Melbourne, Australia, this study aims to analyse how its designs changed over the years in order to accommodate city life. This study employs spatial analysis to examine the relationships between the square’s physical characteristics with people’s activities. The findings reveal that square designs ought to meet evolving social, physical and environmental needs to cater for future requirements and lifestyles.

2398-4279 © 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK.. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Public space; spatial analysis; square; urban

References

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T., & Tiesdell, S. (2003). Public Places Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design. Oxford: Architectural Press.

City of Melbourne. (2008). City Square Retrieved 14 May, 2013, from www.melbourne.vic.gov.au

City of Melbourne. (2010). Retrieved 14 May, 2013, from www.melbourne.vic.gov.au

Das, D. (2008). Urban quality of life: A case study of Guhawati. Social Indicators Research, 88(2), 297-310.

de Arruda Campos, M. B. M. (2000). Urban public spaces: A study of the relation between spatial configuration and use patterns. PhD, University College London, London.

Denscombe, M. (2007). The good research guide: for small-scale social research projects. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill.

Francis, M. (2010). Mixed-life places. In T. Banerjee & A. Loukaitou-Sideris (Eds.), Companion to Urban Design. New York: Routledge.

Halprin, L. (1981). The collective perception of cities: We are an image of the landscape. In L. Taylor (Ed.), Urban Open Spaces. Washington: Smithsonian Institutions.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The death and life of great American cities. New York: The Modern Library.

Jalaladdini, S., & Oktay, D. (2012). Urban public spaces and vitality: A socio-spatial analysis in the streets of two Cypriot towns. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 35, 665-674.

Lynch, K. (1981). A Theory of Good City Form. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Mossop, E. (2001). Public space: Civilising the city. In E. Mossop & P. Walton (Eds.), City Spaces: Art & Design (pp. 10-26). Sydney: Craftsman House.

Nasution, A. D., & Zahrah, W. (2012). Public open space's contribution to quality of life: Does privatisation matters? Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, 3(9), 59-74.

Reed, D. (2011). Melbourne's City Square Retrieved 7 May, 2013, from http://architectureau.com/articles/city-square/

Snape, D. (Producer). (2011, 7 May 2013). Melbourne's City Square. [Photography] Retrieved from http://architectureau.com/articles/city-square/#img=1

Tibbalds, F. (2001). Making people-friendly towns: improving the public environment in towns and cities. London: Spon Press.

Vadiati, N., & Kashkooli, A. M. S. (2011). Environmental sustainability of newly developed city squares in historic cities: Case study of Isfahan, Iran. Procedia Engineering, 21, 829-837.

Whyte, W. H. (2003). Social life of small urban space. In D. Watson, A. J. Plattus & R. G. Shibley (Eds.), Time-Saver Standards for Urban Design. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Zeisel, J. (1984). Inquiry by design: Tools for environment behavior research. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Zucker, P. (2003). The square in space and time. In D. Watson, A. J. Plattus & R. G. Shibley (Eds.), Time-saver standards for urban design. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Published

2016-07-01

Issue

Section

Articles