Main Article Content
This article presents the relationship between community resilience and urban agriculture as a strategy for food and nutrition security for vulnerable urban groups. Through a systematic literature review and using thematic analysis, the study reveals four related domains identified as food security, food production, food flow, and resilience strategy. Community resiliency was presented through the contribution of urban agriculture as part of community preparedness, response, and recovery in short and long-term impacts. The study concludes that green space provision in a residential area acts as a viable support system underlining the economic, social, and environmental interaction.
Copyright (c) 2020 Anizah Mohd Salleh, Nor Zalina Harun, Sharina Abdul Halim
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Abdullah Ayeop, S. M., Zainol, H., & Mohd Hussain, N. H. (2018). The Components of Social Dimension for Community Gardens in Housing Residential. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 3(7), 209–218. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v3i7.1253
Asian Development Bank. (2003). Social Protection. Retrieved from http://usicd.org/doc/social-protection.pdf
Barthel, S., &Isendahl, C. (2013). Urban gardens, agriculture, and water management: Sources of resilience for long-term food security in cities. Ecological Economics, 86, 224–234. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.06.018
Barthel, S., Parker, J., &Ernstson, H. (2015). Food and Green Space in Cities: A Resilience Lens on Gardens and Urban Environmental Movements. Urban Studies, 52(7), 1321–1338. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098012472744
Begum, R. A., Siwar, C., Abidin, R. D. Z. R. Z., & Pereira, J. J. (2011). Vulnerability of climate change and hardcore poverty in Malaysia. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(2), 112–117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2011.112.117
Buic, M., Cunk, K., Kozina, J., Kumer, P., Kozlan, A., Lintzmeyer, F., … Zamfira, R. (2017). Approaching urban agriculture as a social innovation. Guidelines for the development and implementation of an action plan.
Bussell, M. R., Bliesner, J., & Pezzoli, K. (2017). UC pursues rooted research with a nonprofit, links the many benefits of community gardens. California Agriculture, 71(3), 139–147. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3733/ca.2017a0029
Calvet-Mir, L., & March, H. (2019). Crisis and post-crisis urban gardening initiatives from a Southern European perspective: The case of Barcelona. European Urban and Regional Studies, 26(1), 97–112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776417736098
Chamhuri, N. H., Abdul Karim, H., & Hamdan, H. (2012). Conceptual Framework of Urban Poverty Reduction: A review of literature. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 68, 804–814. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.268
d’Amour, C. B., Reitsma, F., Baiocchi, G., Barthel, S., Guneralp, B., Erb, K.-H., … Seto, K. C. (2017). Future urban land expansion and implications for global croplands. Sustainability Science, 114(34), 8939–8944. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1606036114
Diehl, J. A., Oviatt, K., Chandra, A. J., & Kaur, H. (2019). Household Food Consumption Patterns and Food Security among Low-Income Migrant Urban Farmers in Delhi, Jakarta, and Quito. Sustainability, 11(1378). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051378
Duchemin, E., Wegmuller, F., & Legault, A. M. (2008). Urban agriculture: multi-dimensional tools for social development in poor neighbourhoods. Field Actions Science Reports, 1, 43–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/facts-2-1-2009
Egli, V., Oliver, M., &Tautolo, E. (2016). The development of a model of community garden benefits to wellbeing. Preventive Medicine Reports, 3, 348–352. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.04.005
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2017). The future of food and agriculture. Trends and challenges. Rome.
Gasperi, D., Pennisi, G., Rizzati, N., Magrefi, F., Bazzocchi, G., Mezzacapo, U., … Gianquinto, G. (2016). Towards Regenerated and Productive Vacant Areas through Urban Horticulture: Lessons from Bologna, Italy. Sustainability, 8(1347). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su8121347
Ghazali, S. (2013). House Garden as a Symbol of Place, Identity and Sense of Belonging for Low-Cost Flat Residents in Urbanizing Malaysia. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 3(2), 171–175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7763/IJSSH.2013.V3.221
Hashim, N. H., Mohd Hussain, N. H., & Ismail, A. (2018). The Rise of Rooftop Urban Farming at George Town, Penang. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 3(7), 351–355. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v3i7.1242
Holmer, R. J., & Drescher, A. (2005). Building Food-Secure Neighbourhoods: the role of allotment gardens. UA-Magazine, (December), 19–20.
Holmes, R., Farrington, J., & Slater, R. (2007). Social Protection and Growth: The Case of Agriculture. IDS Bulletin, 38(3). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1759-5436.2007.tb00388.x
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. (2009). UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction. International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Retrieved from www.unisdr.org/publications
Islam, R., &Siwar, C. (2012). The Analysis of Urban Agriculture Development in Malaysia. Advances in Environmental Biology, 6(3), 1068–1078.
Khumalo, N. Z., & Sibanda, M. (2019). Does Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture Contribute to Household Food Security? An Assessment of the Food Security Status of Households in Tongaat, eThekwini Municipality. Sustainability, 11(1082). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041082
Kutiwa, S., Boon, E., &Devuyst, D. (2010). Urban Agriculture in Low Income Households of Harare: An Adaptive Response to Economic Crisis. Journal of Human Ecology, 32(2), 85–96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09709274.2010.11906325
Liddle, B. (2017). Urbanization and Inequality/Poverty. Urban Science, 1(35). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci1040035
Mackiewicz, B., Asuero, R. P., &Almonacid, A. G. (2019). Urban agriculture as the path to sustainable city development. Insight into allotment gardens in Andalusia. Quaestiones Geographicae, 38(2), 121–136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0020
Martin, W., &Vold, L. (2018). Building capacity through urban agriculture: report on the askîy project. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, 38(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.38.1.06
Mat, B., & Othman, Z. (2014). Regional cooperation in addressing food security issues in Southeast Asia: Malaysian perspectives. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 10(6), 37–47.
Mcdougall, R., Kristiansen, P., & Rader, R. (2019). Small-scale urban agriculture results in high yields but requires judicious management of inputs to achieve sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(1), 129–134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1809707115
Meenar, M., Morales, A., &Bonarek, L. (2017). Regulatory Practices of Urban Agriculture: A Connection to Planning and Policy. Journal of the American Planning Association, 83(4), 389–403. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01944363.2017.1369359
Meenar, M. R., & Hoover, B. M. (2012). Community food security via urban agriculture: Understanding people, place, economy, and accessibility from a food justice perspective. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 3(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2012.031.013
Meijer, A., & Bolivar, M. P. R. (2016). Governing the smart city: a review of the literature on smart urban governance. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 82(2), 392–408. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852314564308
Mohd Hussain, N. H., Amir, A. F., Mt Akhir, N., & Ibrahim, K. A. (2018). Between Survival and Sustenance: Plants for Recycle Edible Garden at Masjid As-Siddiq, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 3(7), 45–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v3i7.1286
Moucheraud, C., Chandyo, R. K., Henjum, S., Strand, T. A., Ulak, M., Fawzi, W. W., … Thorne-Lyman, A. L. (2019). Engagement in Agriculture Protects Against Food Insecurity and Malnutrition in Peri-Urban Nepal. Current Development in Nutrition, 3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzy078
Mougeot, L. J. A. (2000). Urban Agriculture: Definition, Presence, Potential and Risks, and Policy Challenges.
Norris, F. H., Stevens, S. P., Pfefferbaum, B., Wyche, K. F., &Pfefferbaum, R. L. (2008). Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 127–150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6
Omar Chong, N., Kamarudin, K. H., & Abd Wahid, S. N. (2018). Framework Considerations for Community Resilient Towards Disaster in Malaysia. Procedia Engineering, 212, 165–172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.022
Orsini, F., Kahane, R., Nono-Womdim, R., &Gianquinto, G. (2013). Urban agriculture in the developing world: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-013-0143-z
Othman, N., Latip, R. A., Ariffin, M. H., & Mohamed, N. (2017). Expectancy in Urban Farming Engagement. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 2(6), 335–340. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v2i6.948
Othman, N., Mohamad, M., Latip, R. A., &Ariffin, M. H. (2018). Urban farming activity towards sustainable wellbeing of urban dwellers. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/117/1/012007
Pulliat, G. (2015). Food securitization and urban agriculture in Hanoi (Vietnam). Articulo - Journal of Urban Research, (7). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/articulo.2845
Ramaloo, P., Choong, Y. L., Siwar, C., &Isahak, A. (2018). Perception of Community Residents on SupportingUrban Agriculture in Malaysian City: Case Study at Bukit Mertajam. JurnalPengurusan, 53.
Rezai, G., Shamsudin, M. N., & Mohamed, Z. (2016). Urban Agriculture: A Way Forward to Food and Nutrition Security in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 216, 39–45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.12.006
Samsuddin, S. F., Mohamed Shaffril, H. A., &Fauzi, A. (2020). Heigh-ho, heigh-ho, to the rural libraries we go! - a systematic literature review. Library and Information Science Research, 42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lisr.2019.100997
Seto, K. C., Fragkias, M., Guneralp, B., & Reilly, M. K. (2011). A meta-analysis of global urban land expansion. PLoS One, 6(8). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023777
Shillington, L. J. (2012). Right to food, right to the city: Household urban agriculture, and socionatural metabolism in Managua, Nicaragua. Geoforum, (March). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2012.02.006
Siwar, C., Ahmed, F., Bashawir, A., & Mia, M. S. (2016). Urbanization and Urban Poverty in Malaysia: Consequences and Vulnerability. Journal of Applied Science, 16(4), 154–160. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2016.154.160
Specht, K., Weith, T., Swoboda, K., & Siebert, R. (2016). Socially acceptable urban agriculture businesses. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 36(17). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-016-0355-0
Szabo, S. (2015). Urbanisation and Food Insecurity Risks: Assessing the Role of Human Development. Oxford Development Studies. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13600818.2015.1067292
Talukder, A., Haselow, N. J., Osei, A. K., Villate, E., Reario, D., Kroeun, H., … Quinn, V. (2010). Homestead food production model contributes to improved household food security and nutrition status of young children and women in poor populations. Lessons learned from scaling-up programs in Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal and Philippines). Field Actions Science Reports, (1).
Tefft, J., Jonasova, M., Adjao, R., & Morgan, A. (2017). Food Systems for An Urbanizing World. Knowledge Product. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/454961511210702794/pdf/Food-Systems-for-an-Urbanizing-World.pdf DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/32502
Trendov, N. M. (2018). Comparative study on the motivations that drive urban community gardens in Central Eastern Europe. Annals of Agrarian Sciences, 16, 85–89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aasci.2017.10.003
Ulug, C., &Horlings, L. G. (2019). Connecting resourcefulness and social innovation: exploring conditions and processes in community gardens in the Netherlands. Local Environment, 24(3), 147–166. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2018.1553941
United Nations. (2018a). The speed of urbanization around the world.
United Nations. (2018b). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision.
Wu, C., & Chang, S. E. (2018). Social Designing Edible Community Networks: Longtan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 3(7), 103–111. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v3i7.1283