The Role of Narcissism and Competitive Worldview in Predicting Environmental Apathy


  • Juneman Abraham Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, 11480
  • Murty Magda Pane Character Building Development Center, Faculty of Humanities, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, 11480



In this study, hypothetical model included personality variables and social psychological variables by employing narcissism and competitive worldview as predictors towards apathy about environmental issues. The study was conducted on 225 college students (138 males, 87 females; Mage = 18.25 years, SDage = 2.13 years) taken through convenience accidental sampling technique from several majors of a private university in Jakarta, Indonesia. The results of path analysis showed that narcissism was able to predict apathy towards the environment indirectly through a competitive view of the world (χ2 = 0.11, p = 0.736, RMSEA = 0.000).

2398-4295 © 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK.. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Environmental apathy; competitive worldview; narcissism; psychology


Asmuni, S., Khalili, J. M., & Zain, Z. M. (2012). Sustainable consumption practices of University Students in Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of Asian Behavioural Studies, 2(6), 73-82.

Barry, C. T., Kerig, P. K., Stellwagen, K. K., & Barry, T. D. (Eds.). (2011). Narcissism and Machiavellianism in youth: Implications for the development of adaptive and maladaptive behavior. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Bushman, B. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (1998). Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression. Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(1), 219-229.

Cai, H., Kwan, V. S. Y., & Sedikides, C. (2012). A sociocultural approach to narcissism: The case of modern China. European Journal of Personality, 26(5), 529–535.

Duckitt, J. (2001). A dual-process cognitive-motivational theory of ideology and prejudice. In M.P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, 33, 41 -113. San Diego: Academic Press.

Duckitt, J., & Sibley, C. G. (2010). Personality, ideology, prejudice, and politics: A dual-process motivational model. Journal of Personality, 78(6), 1861-1893.

Duckitt, J., Wagner, C., du Plessis, I., & Birum, I. (2002). The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: Testing a dual process model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(1), 75–93.

Grafeman, S. J. (2009). Interpersonal perception of narcissism in an at-risk adolescent sample: A social relations analysis. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Graduate School of The University of Southern Mississippi.

Griskevicius, V., Cantú, S. M., & van Vugt, M. (2012). The evolutionary bases for sustainable behavior: Implications for marketing, policy, and social entrepreneurship. Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 31(1), 115-128.

Hine, D. W., Gifford, R., Heath, Y., Cooksey, R., & Quain, P. (2009). A cue utilization approach for investigating harvest decisions in commons dilemmas. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(3), 564–588.

Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2004). The psychology of worldviews. Review of General Psychology, 8(1), 3-58.

Luchner, A. F., Houston, J. M., Walker, C., & Houston, M. A. (2011). Exploring the relationship between two forms of narcissism and competitiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 779–782.

Piliang, Y. A. (2010). Dunia yang dilipat: Tamasya melampaui batas-batas kebudayaan (3rd ed.). Bandung: Matahari.

Pincus, A. L., Ansell, E. B., Pimentel, C. A., Cain, N. M., Wright, G. C., & Levy, K. N. (2009). Initial construction and validation of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 21(3), 365-379.

Rumble, A. C., Van Lange, P. A. M., & Parks, C. D. (2010). The benefits of empathy: When empathy may sustain cooperation in social dilemmas. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40(5), 856–866.

Seniati, L. (2009). Path analysis dan structural equation model. Retrieved from

Singer, N. (2009). Highlights of the 2009 behavior, energy, and climate change conference. Retrieved from

Thompson, S. C. G., & Barton, M. A. (1994). Ecocentric and anthropocentric attitudes toward the environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14, 149-157.

Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K., & Freeman, E. C. (2012). Generational differences in young adults’ life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966–2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(5), 1045–1062.