Land Ownership Constraints Among Kuala Krai’s Flood Victims: A conceptual framework


  • Thuraiya Mohd Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Haizam Mohamed Saraf Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  • Siti Fairuz Che Pin Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  • Tajul Edrus Nordin Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia



flood victims, land ownership constraints


Emphasis of this study is to investigate the land ownership constraints among the Kuala Krai flood victims. An empirical study was conducted at Jalan Geale B, C, C2, C3, C4 ad D along the Sungai Kelantan. A semi-structured interview was carried out to all the 128 owners or households by using purposive sampling to gauge their constraints in land ownership. The data was analysed using summative content analysis to quantify on particular words from text data, and interpretation of the text data result. The findings indicate that the main constraint faced by the flood victims without land ownership was financial.

Keywords: flood victims; land ownership constraints

eISSN 2398-4279 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 


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