IBS Optimisation at Wet Areas to Solve Leaking


  • Nurul Asra Abd. Rahman Centres of Studies for Construction, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Zainab Mohmad Zainordin
  • Suryani Ahmad




Industrialised Building Systems, Hybrid technology, Pre-Cast Structure, Leakage at Wet Area.


Hybrid construction method with In-situ reinforced concrete (IRC) for wet areas in predominantly pre-cast concrete (PC) buildings to overcome leakage problem is a setback for full IBS adoption. Various options explored to reduce IRC at toilet only to discover the answer is possible within the existing parameters of IBS. The proposal adopts composite construction comprised of metal permanent formwork and ISC casting for toilet floor while PC components remained as buildings structural framing system. This proposal combined different elements of IBS systems offers all the advantages associated with IBS; minimize wastages, better quality, shorter construction period and minimized unskilled workers.

Keywords: Industrialised Building Systems; Hybrid technology; Pre-Cast Structure; Leakage at Wet Area.

eISSN: 2398-4279 © 2017. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.


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