IBS Optimisation at Wet Areas to Solve Leaking
Keywords:Industrialised Building Systems, Hybrid technology, Pre-Cast Structure, Leakage at Wet Area.
Hybrid construction method with In-situ reinforced concrete (IRC) for wet areas in predominantly pre-cast concrete (PC) buildings to overcome leakage problem is a setback for full IBS adoption. Various options explored to reduce IRC at toilet only to discover the answer is possible within the existing parameters of IBS. The proposal adopts composite construction comprised of metal permanent formwork and ISC casting for toilet floor while PC components remained as buildings structural framing system. This proposal combined different elements of IBS systems offers all the advantages associated with IBS; minimize wastages, better quality, shorter construction period and minimized unskilled workers.
Keywords: Industrialised Building Systems; Hybrid technology; Pre-Cast Structure; Leakage at Wet Area.
eISSN: 2398-4279 © 2017. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Bari N.A.A, Abdullah N.A., Yusuff R., Ismail N., Jaapar A. (2012). Environmental Awareness and Benefits of Industrilized building Systems (IBS). Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 50 (2012) 392-404.
Building Construction Authority (2012). Building and Construction Authority Singapore. Design Concept for Precast System. Retrieved on 6th August 2012 from bca.gov.sg.
Building Construction Authority (2014). Building and Construction Authority Singapore. Design of External Wall. Retrieved July 18, 2014 from http://www.bca.gov.sg
Canadian Precast-Prestressed Concrete Institute (CPPCI - 2010) - Architectural Precast Concrete Sealant Joint Guide 2010.
Chew M.Y.L., Nayanthara D.S., Tan S.S. (2014). Maintainability of Wet Areas of Non-residential Building. Structural Survey, 22(1), 39-52
Ismail F., Yusuwan N.M., Baharuddin H.E.A. (2012). Management Factors for Successful IBS Projects Implementation. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 68 (2012) 99-107.
Ismail F., Baharuddin H.E.A., Marhani M.A. (2013). Factors towards Site Management Improvement for Industrialized Building System (IBS) Construction. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 85 (2013) 43-50.
Isnin Z., Ahmad S.S., Yahya Z. (2012). Building Material Management Framework for Greener Adaptation Projects. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, Volume 3, Number 8, April 2012.
Kamar K.A.M., Hamid Z.A., . Ghani M.K., & Rahim A.H. (2007). Industrialized Building Systems: Current Shortcomings and the Vital Role of R&D. 2nd Quarter Master Building Publication.
Lachimpadi S.K., Pereira J.J., Taha M.R., Mokhtar M. (2012). Construction Waste Minimisation Comparing Conventional and Precast Construction (Mixed System and IBS) methods in High-rise Buildings: A Malaysia Case Study. Resources, Conservation, and Recycling, 68 (2012) 96-1-3.
Li K., Li C., Chen Z. (2009). The Influential Depth of Moisture Transport in Concrete Subject to Drying-Wetting Cycles, Cement & Concrete Composite, 31, 693-698.
Lysaght. (2014). Structural Products. BHP Lysaght Bondek @11. Retrieved on July 18, 2014, from http://www.bluescopelysaght.com.my
Mohammad M.F. (2013). Construction Environment: Adopting IBS Construction Approach towards Achieving Sustainable Development. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science, 85 (2013) 8-15.
National Precast Concrete Association Australia (NPCAA -2012) Precast Concrete Hand Book 2012.
Precast Concrete Box Culvert Joint Sealant Guidelines. Retrieved on 30th June 2013 from www.boxculvert.com.
Rahman N.A.A., Ahmad S., Zainordin Z. (2013). Perception and Awareness of Leaking for Toilet in Pre-cast Concrete Structure. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science, 85 (2013) 61-69.
SIKA, Brochures 2010-2014