Privately-Owned Public Space for Public Use
The study investigated the using of privately-owned public space (POPS) in two gated communities in Medan, Indonesia. The activities of people during the weekend and the physical setting of the POPS were recorded through observation and visual survey. The research found that most of the visitors were not satisfied with the public open space, but they used it intensively. The study indicated that the better quality public open space was more livable compared to the poor quality. Since the visitors in the two public open spaces were mostly people who live outside the gated community, the private-owned public space contributed to public life.
Keywords: privately-owned public space; gated community; Medan.
eISSN 2398-4279 © 2017 The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Aulia, Dwira, and Ismail, Abdul Majid. (2013). Residential Satisfaction of Middle Income Population: Medan city. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 105 ( 2013 ) 674 – 683
Blakely, E.J., and M.G. Snyder. (1998). Separate places: Crime and security in gated communities." In: M. Felson and R.B. Peiser (eds.), Reducing crime through real estate development and management, pp. 53-70. Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute.
Feldman, Rachel. (2007). The Loss of Public Space in America: A Suburban Case Study.
Gehl, Jan. (2002). Public Space and Public Life City of Adelaide: 2002. City of Adelaide, Adelaide
Grobelšek, Liljana Jankovič. (2012). Private space open to the public as an addition to the urban public space network. Urbani izziv, volume 23, no. 1, 2012.
Leisch, Harald Pergamon. (2002) Gated communities in Indonesia. www.elsevier.com/locate/cities PII: S0264-2751(02)00042-2
Luk W.l.. (2009). Privately owned public space in Hong Kong and New York: The urban and spatial influence of the policy. The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)2009 Amsterdam/Delft The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism 697
Melik, RV; Aalst, IV, Weesep, JV (2009), The private sector and public space in Dutch city centres, Cities, 26 (2009) 202–209
Nasution, Achmad Delianur Nasution and Zahrah, Wahyuni. (2013). Neighborhood Open Space and Quality of Life in Low-Income Settlement: Rahmadsyah Square Case Study, Medan, Indonesia. HABITechno International Seminar - Innovation Housing and Settlement Technology. Bandung : Institut Teknologi Bandung.
Shukur, Farahwaheeda, Othman, Noriah and Nawawi, Abdul Hadi. (2012). The Values of Parks to the House Residents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Volume 49, 2012, Pages 350–359
Project for Publis Space . PPS. (2009). What Makes a Successful Place?http://www.pps.org/reference/grplacefeat/
Whyte, William H. (1985).The Social Life of Small Urban Space. Washington DC: The Conservation Foundation