Interactive Programme on Prevention of Smoking: Pilot study
In order to make Malaysia a developed nation by 2020 one of the crucial things is health care and to conduct prevention at an early stage. Hence, health education programme at an early stage has been conducted with primary school children to prevent them from engaging in negative behaviours such as smoking. Currently, the health education programme was organized in poster presentation form. However, in these studies, it was transformed into an interactive school health programme with an active participation from the school children. It is designed to increase the children's learning retention through an active interaction programme.
Keywords: Interactive Programme; School Children; Smoking Prevention; Health Education
eISSN 2398-4279 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Asia, S., Control, T., Muhamed, S., Syed, A. Bin, Foundation, T. R., Health, T., & Foundation, P. (n.d.). Health Care Costs of Smoking in Malaysia.
Cremers, H.-P., Mercken, L., Oenema, A., & de Vries, H. (2012). A web-based computer-tailored smoking prevention programme for primary school children: Intervention design and study protocol. BMC Public Health, 12, 277. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-277
Guo, J.-L., Lee, T.-C., Liao, J.-Y., & Huang, C.-M. (2015). Prevention of Illicit Drug Use Through a School-Based Program: Results of a Longitudinal, Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(3), 314–322. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.12.003
Gaffar A, Alsanosy R, Mahfouz M. Sociodemographic factors associated with tobacco smoking among Intermediate and Secondary School Students in Jazan Region of Saudi Arabia. Substance Abuse. 2013; 34(4):381–8.
Gorini, G., Carreras, G., Bosi, S., et al., 2014. Effectiveness of a school based multicomponent smoking prevention intervention: The LdP cluster randomized controlledtrial. Prev. Med. (Baltim.) 61, 6–13.
Hiemstra, M., Ringlever, L., Otten, R., van Schayck, O. C. P., Jackson, C., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2014). Long-term effects of a home-based smoking prevention program on smoking initiation: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 60, 65–70. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.12.012
Lee, M. Y., & Tam, C. L. (n.d.). Smoking and Burden of Ill Health : A Review of the Malaysian Context, 6(7), 190–198.
Malmberg, M., Kleinjan, M., Overbeek, G., Vermulst, A., Monshouwer, K., Lammers, J., … Engels, R. C. M. E. (2014). Effectiveness of the “Healthy School and Drugs” prevention programme on adolescents’ substance use: A randomized clustered trial. Addiction, 109, 1031–1040. doi:10.1111/add.12526
Mathers, C. D., & Loncar, D. (2005). Updated projections of global mortalityand burden of disease, 2002-2030:data sources, methods and results. .
Norbanee, T. H., Norhayati, M. N., Norsa’adah, B., & Naing, N. N. (2006). Prevalence and factors influencing smoking amongst Malay primary school children in Tumpat, Kelantan. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 37(1), 230–235.
Prokhorov, A. V, Kelder, S. H., Shegog, R., Conroy, J. L., Murray, N., Peters, R., … Ford, K. H. (2010). Project ASPIRE: an Interactive, Multimedia Smoking Prevention and Cessation curriculum for culturally diverse high school students. Substance Use & Misuse, 45, 983–1006. doi:10.3109/10826080903038050
Smith, T. M., Talley, B., Hubbard, M., & Winn, C. (2008). Evaluation of a tobacco prevention program for children: ToPIC. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 25, 218–28. doi:10.1080/07370010802421210
Swe, K. M. M., & Bhardwaj, A. (2012). Knowledge and Practice of First Year Medical Students about Smoking. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health (IJCRIMPH), 4(5), 785–795.
Woolfall, K., Porcellato, L., Stredder, K., Wareing, M., Atkinson, A., Lushey, C., … Sumnall, H. (2008). Preventing the uptake of smoking by children - Focus Group Report, 1–94.
World Health Organization. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, (2011). Geneva: WHO
World Health Organization. global school-based student health survey , (2013). Geneva: WHO
World Health Organization. (2014). World Health statistics 2013. ZhurnalEksperimental’noiiTeoreticheskoiFiziki. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:No+Title#0