Measuring Improvement in Quality of Life in Community-Based Development Projects in Nigeria

  • Muhammad Zayyanu Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Zungwenen U. J. Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Johar F. Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Rafee M. Majid Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: Quality of Life, Community-based Projects, Poverty Reduction, Structural Equation Modelling

Abstract

The lingering problem of poverty prompted many countries to adopt community-based strategies for improving Quality of Life (QoL) of poor communities. Numerous studies have focused on identifying but ignored to establish the contribution of the factors that influence improvement in QoL by community-based projects. This paper measures, using Structural Equation Modelling, the contribution of the factors that influence QoL in a Community-based Poverty Reduction Project (CPRP) in Nigeria. The model revealed that the measured factors contributed only 36% of the reduction in poverty, which implies that there are other “hidden” factors responsible for the improvement in the quality of life.

Keywords: Quality of Life, Community-based Projects, Poverty Reduction, Structural Equation Modelling

eISSN 2398-4279 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 

https://doi.org/10.21834/ajqol.v3i11.124 

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Awang, Z., (2015). SEM Made Simple First., MPWS Rich Publication Sdn. Bhd. (1132290-K).

Braathen, E., (2000). Attacking Poverty. Forum for Development Studies, 27(2), pp.331–350.

CAG Consultants, (2009). Participation : A theoretical context. , (1969), pp.1–13.

Chamhuri, N.H., Karim, H.A. & Hamdan, H., (2012). Conceptual Framework of Urban Poverty Reduction : A review of literature. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 68, pp.804–814.

Dschang, P.O.B., (2009). Does Social Capital determine Poverty ? Evidence from Cameroon Household University of Dschang Faculty of Economics and Management

Ferragina, E., Tomlinson, M. & Walker, R., (2013). Poverty, Participation and Choice: The Legacy of Peter Townsend. , (May 2013), pp.1–69.

Glass, J.J., (1979). Citizen participation in planning: the relationship between objectives and techniques. Journal of the American Planning Association. American Planning Association, 45(2), pp.180–189.

Hair, J.F. et al., (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis Sixth., Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hanifah, N.A. & Hashim, R., (2012). The Madrid Protocol 1991 and its Environmental Impacts towards the Quality of Life. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35(December 2011), pp.398–403.

Hewett, P.C. & Montgomery, M., (2001). Poverty and Public Services in Developing-Country Cities, New York: Population Council.

Maggino, F. & Zumbo, B.D., (2012). Measuring the quality of life and the construction of social indicators. In K. C. Land, A. C. Michalos, & M. J. Sirgy, eds. Handbook of social indicators and quality of life research. Springer, pp. 201–238.

Marans, R.W., (2003). Understanding environmental quality through quality of life studies: the 2001 DAS and its use of subjective and objective indicators. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1–2), pp.73–83.

McCrea, R., Stimson, R. & Marans, R.W. (2011)., 2011. The evolution of integrative approaches to the analysis of quality of urban life. In R. J. S. (Eds. . R. W. Marans, ed. Investigating quality of urban life: Theory, methods and empirical research. Springer, pp. 77–106.

McCrea, R., Shyy, T.K. & Stimson, R., (2006). What is the strength of the link between objective and subjective indicators of urban quality of life? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1(1), pp.79–96.

Michalos, A.C., (2008). Education, happiness and wellbeing. Social Indicators Research, 87(3), pp.347–366.

Mohit, M.A., (2013a). Objective Analysis of Variation in the Regional Quality of Life in Malaysia and its Policy Implications. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 101, pp.454–464.

Mohit, M.A., (2013b). Quality of Life in Natural and Built Environment – An Introductory Analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 101, pp.33–43.

Narayan-Parker, D., (2002). Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook. , p.371.

Narayan, D., (1995). Designing community based development. , (4).

Noor, S.M. & Abdullah, M.A., (2012). Quality Work Life among Factory Workers in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35(December 2011), pp.739–745.

Ogun, T.P., (2010). Infrastructure and Poverty Reduction: Implications for Urban Development in Nigeria. Working Paper Series.

Okunamadewa, F.Y., Yusuf, S.A. & Omonona, B.T., (2005). Social Capital and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria. , pp.1–47.

Rybakovas, E., (2014). Cause-effect Relationships Between Objective and Subjective Measures of Quality of Life in Lithuania Municipalities. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 156(April), pp.83–87.

Samah, A.A. & Aref, F., (2009). People ’ s Participation in Community Development : A Case Study in a Planned Village Settlement in Malaysia. World Rural Observations, 1(2), pp.45–54.

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Published
2018-05-21
Section
Articles