Editor-in-Chief

Mohamed Yusoff Abbas, Malaysia

Editor-in-Chief Assistant

Sharifah Khalizah Syed Othman Thani, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia

Associate Editors

Ebru Cubukcu, ABRAturkey, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey

Juneman Abraham, ABRAindonesia, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Mona Bisadi, ABRAiran, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Rasha Mahmoud Ali El-Zeiny, ABRAegypt, Menia University, Menia, Egypt

Shenglin Elijah Chang, ABRAtaiwan, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China

Smita Khan, ABRAindia, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Najpur, India

Editorial (Advisory & Review) board

Abdul Hadi Nawawi, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Wannasilapa Peerapun, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Wan Hashimah Wan Ismail, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Uday Jain, Mahila Chetna Manch, Shivaji, Nagar, Bhopal, India

Supagtra Suthasupa, Silpakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Smita Khan, ABRAindia, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Najpur, India

Siti Rukayah, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Zehra Öngül, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Turkey

Siriwan Silapacharanan, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Nor Haslina Jaafar, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

Nisha Fernando, University of Wisconsin, United States

Nicholas Kathijotes, Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus

Mona Bisadi, ABRAiran, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Mohd. Sabrizaa Abd Rashid, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak, Malaysia

Mohammad Arif Kamal, King Fahd University, Saudi Arabia

Mert Cubukcu, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

Mei Lim, University of South Australia, Australia

Mazlina Mansor, International Islamic University, Malaysia

Masran Saruwono, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Masahiro Shirotsuki, Nagoya University, Japan

Mariam Jamaluddin, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Nor Zalina Harun, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

Noor Hanita Abdul Majid, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

Norhati Ibrahim, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Shenglin Elijah Chang, ABRAtaiwan, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China

Saripah Abdul Latif, Universiti Teknologi MARA Kelantan, Malaysia

Sabarinah Sh. Ahmad, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Sitthiporn Piromruen, Silpakorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Rugayah Gy Hashim, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Robert W. Marans, University of Michigan, Michigan, United States

Rasha Mahmoud Ali El-Zeiny, ABRAegypt, Menia University, Menia, Egypt

Ranjith Dayaratne, University of Bahrain, Bahrain

Prabu Wardono, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

Osman Mohd Tahir, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Nurlisa Ginting, Universiti Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Norsidah Ujang, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Noriah Othman, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Lobna Abdel Aziz Ahmed, Menia University, Menia, Egypt

Kate Bishop, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Ebru Cubukcu, ABRAturkey, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey

David Robert Osborne, Graphia International Limited, Hong Kong

David Dernie, University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom

Dasimah Omar, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Darussalam Abu Bakar, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Cigdem Canbay Turkyilmaz, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Christopher Peter Spencer, The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Babatunde Emmanuel Jaiyeoba, ObafemiAwolowo University, Ile-Ife,, Nigeria

Ashraf M. Salama, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Anuar Talib, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Aleya Abdel Hadi, Modern Sciences & Arts University, October City, Egypt

Aldrin Abdullah, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Edward Andrew Edgerton, West of Scotland University, United Kingdom

Elizabeth Grant, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Juneman Abraham, ABRAindonesia, Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Jin-Yung Wu, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China

Jamalunlaili Abdullah, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Iwan Sudradjat, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

Ismail Samsuddin, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak, Malaysia

Ismail Said, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Himasari Hanan, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

Heng Zhang, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, Province of China

Hazreena Hussein, University Malaya, Malaysia

Hazlina Hamdan, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Filiz Çelik, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Faridah Ismail, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Emrah Turkyilmaz, Istanbul Kultur University, Turkey

Editorial Assistants

Diyanah Inani Azmi, AMER, Malaysia

Maimunah Ramlee, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia

Mohd Fauzee Musa, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia

Mohd Riduan Ngesan, AMER, Malaysia

Nurul Najwa, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia

Sabrina Idilfitri, AMER, Malaysia

Siti Nur Afiqah Mohamed Musthafa, AMER. cE-Bs, Malaysia

Suhaini Mohamed Yusoff, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia

Syazwani Abdul Kadir, AMER, cE-Bs, Malaysia